Torch Brazing Connection Assemblies

What Is Torch Brazing?

Torch brazing is the process in which two metals of the same, or different alloys are joined together using a fuel torch. A filler metal is then placed between the two tubes or tubes and objects are brazed, and torched to heat above the melting point. The objects are then compressed together until the melted filler metal oozes to the outside. From there it is quickly brought down in temperature to create an ultimately strong bond needed in connection assemblies.

Selecting A Filler Metal For Torch Brazing

torch brazing for assemblies

There are many types of metals that can be used as filler metals to complete the torch brazing process. Depending on the use of the product that you are brazing, will determine the type of filler metal you will want to use. Here are a few of the most commonly used filler metals, and why they are preferred:

  • Silver, gold, and palladium: unalloyed metals that are often pure and noble.
  • Copper Zinc: Ductile and corrosion resistant. Typically chosen for cast iron or steel.

When selecting a filler metal many will make their selection based on cost, volatility, or durability. Depending on your application or the substance your application will transfer, will also be important in choosing the filler metal that needs to be used.

When To Utilize Torch Brazing

The application at hand will determine if torch brazing is your optimal option for connecting two metals. Brazing is your go-to option if you plan on connecting two different metal alloys. For example, if you are looking to connect bronze with aluminum, brazing would be your best option. The key is selecting a filler metal that has a melting point under both the bronze as well as the aluminum. Other applications in which torch brazing is optimal are:

  • Joint clearances of .03mm to .08 mm
  • Small production or specialized operations
  • Applications in which low heat is required for bonding

There are two common methods of torch brazing. Butt joints, or Lap Joints. Each type of joint connection provides a different strength for both tubular and flat connections.

  • Butt Joints– These types of connections are made by either the tube or sheets being “butted” up against one another. The filler metal is placed between the surfaces. Although this may be a weaker connection than lap joints. some applications require this process of torch brazing.
  • Lap Joints– Connections using the lap joint method are overlapped. This is a stronger connection because not only do you have your filler metal, but you also have the original materials overlapping each other, providing extra strength. This works in tubular connections if one tube is smaller than the other and can fit inside the other tube.

For more information on materials and making assemblies to meet your needs, contact us today. We can help answer any questions you may have or provide you with the tubing products needed for your application.

Tube Bending

Tube Bending

3/4" to 6" diameter bending capacity
Severe radius capability standard - all sizes
Close tolerance available
Large die selection
Bend all tubing materials and shapes.

Learn More
Tube Shaping

Tube Forming/Shaping


Learn More



Learn More